Research refers to a category of activities designed to contribute to or develop generalizable knowledge. Generalizable knowledge comprises theories, relationships or principles, or the collection of data on which they are based, that can be verified by accepted scientific techniques of inference and observation. In our current context, “research” includes both behavioral and medical studies relating to human health. When the term “research” is modified by the adjective “biomedical” it refers to health-related research. Advancement in disease prevention and medical care depends on comprehension of epidemiological findings or pathological and physiological processes, and at some stage requires a study involving human beings. The gathering, evaluation, and interpretation of data obtained from studies involving human beings significantly contribute to the betterment of human health.
Generally speaking, Biomedical research is the branch of science that focuses on the prevention and treatment of diseases that cause death and sickness in animals and human beings. This general branch of science includes various aspects of both the physical and life sciences. Biomedical researchers or scientists use biotechnology methods to study diseases and biological processes with the objective of developing effective cures and treatments. The biomedical research process is evolutionary and requires careful experimentation by several researchers including chemists and biologists. The Discovery of new therapies and medicines requires keen scientific experimentation, evaluation, and development.
Everybody in America has enjoyed the benefits of biomedical research. From the creation of new vaccines, drugs, or procedures to treat or prevent illnesses, to the safety testing of items we use in our day-to-day lives, biomedical researchers strive to better comprehend the causes and cure of illnesses. The similarities between laboratory animals and human beings have been crucial in biomedical research since they explain a lot about how human bodies function. The knowledge acquired from experimentation with laboratory animals has been successfully applied not only to humans but also to wildlife, pets, as well as other animals.
According to the WHO, biomedical research has dramatically increased life expectancy in America since its inception. For instance, the life expectancy in America in 1900 averaged 49 years, while this figure had grown to about 69 years by 2004. It is estimated that by 2030, 20% of the United States population will be sixty-five years or older, and the population segment comprising individuals aged 85 years and above could be more than ten million. This increase in the older population is to a great extent due to medical advances resulting from biomedical research.
Biomedical research is at the core of modern healthcare. Biomedical researchers diagnose illnesses and test the effectiveness of a wide range of potential cures by studying fluids and tissue samples from patients. Since its inception, biomedical research has led to several breath-taking biomedical discoveries. Every biomedical discovery is based on knowledge resulting from endless experiments conducted by different generations of biomedical researchers. Biomedical research offers essential information to medical practitioners to allow them to make optimal decisions.
Disease diagnosis involves looking for abnormalities in the structure of tissues. Biomedical researchers use specialized methods in screening cervical smears to look for components like sputum. They also conduct a variety of other types of fluid analysis for the diagnosis of illnesses such as diabetes. The recent advancement in biomedical research has mainly been due to the use of specialized cutting-edge technology used in various biomedical institutions and clinics.